Alcohol-related cirrhosis of the liver is commonly assumed to be a condition caused by persistent alcohol abuse, but recent research suggests that this devastating liver disease can also be caused by binge drinking.
The researchers discovered that just 21 binge drinking sessions in mice were enough to produce early-stage liver disease signs. Binge drinking resulted in fatty liver tissue and the initiation of early stages of inflammation, both of which are markers of alcohol-induced liver disease. Binging also boosted the levels of alcohol-metabolizing enzymes, the activity of which can cause oxidative damage and other types of liver damage.
“We often think of alcoholic liver damage as the result of years of heavy drinking.” However, we discovered that even a brief period of what would be considered heavy drinking in humans resulted in liver disease.”
What you should understand about binge drinking and liver illness:
Binge drinking is defined as instances in which the blood alcohol content (BAC) rises to 0.08% or higher.
For guys, this frequently translates to consuming five or more beers in less than two hours. Women often get the same BAC by having four or more drinks in the same time span.
According to the researchers, liver illness is one of the top causes of early death worldwide, with an estimated 2% to 3% of the world’s population suffering from cirrhosis (liver scarring) or liver disease.
“It is critical that people who have a family history of liver disease or who have a genetic predisposition to alcoholism are aware of the increased risk they face.
If you need to address your drinking problem, the good news is that the liver is capable of self-healing and replacing damaged tissue with new cells. Doctors can cure liver disease if it is detected early. Changes in lifestyle and a CT scan every six months to monitor the condition will be critical. However, cirrhosis can become permanent in later stages of liver disease, putting patients at an increased risk of developing liver cancer. In severe situations, the only option is a liver transplant.
Even if scarring has already developed, reducing alcohol use and lowering weight may assist in some circumstances. If you drink, your doctor will encourage you to stop so that your liver can begin to heal. “I understand that is a tall order for many individuals. But we’re talking about chronic liver inflammation and scarring, and we don’t want to inflict any more harm.”
Over the last several decades, a variety of effective, evidence-based techniques have been created. According to him, these usually comprise both counseling (talk therapy) and/or the prescription of one of three FDA-approved drugs designed to prevent continued alcohol consumption. One of these is Naltrexone, which reduces alcohol cravings and makes it simpler to cut back or stop drinking entirely.
“As children grow older, we must assist them in managing their desire to use alcohol.” If parents suspect their adolescent or young adult has a drinking problem, they should seek help from an addiction specialist; if the condition is already bad, they should refer their child to a specialist. There are numerous therapies available, and getting aid early will help avoid not only later liver impairment but also a slew of other issues.
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